Your Guide to Antioxidants

blueberriesThe term ‘antioxidant’ is used a lot in the health and beauty industry, and whilst we all know that they are good for us, we thought we would take this opportunity to bring you a more detailed guide to what they do and how they work.

A group of unstable atoms, which are more commonly known as ‘free radicals’, can cause damage to our cells. Cells are made up of molecules, which are combinations of atoms. Examples of some molecules found in the human body are oxygen, hydrogen, minerals such as iron and also proteins, fats and carbohydrates.

A quick refresh in Physiology – an atom is made up of a nucleus, electrons (negatively charged particles), protons (positively charged particles) and neutrons. The electrons are what cause chemical reactions between atoms, causing them to bond together to make molecules, for example, one water or ‘H2O’ molecule is made up of 2 hydrogen atoms and 1 oxygen atom.

Free radicals are created when the electrons in an atom become unbalanced, as they usually like to travel in pairs. These free radicals can cause damage to cells by stealing electrons from other sources to stabilize, which is a process called Oxidation. This process causes a chain reaction as once a molecule loses one of its electrons, it too becomes unstable, starting the whole process again. Free radicals are generated as a waste by-product from everyday processes within the body and from environmental factors such as pollution, smoking and UV light. They contribute to the break down of cells, which in turn contributes to ageing and also causes damage to our immune systems.

Scientists discovered that by increasing our in take of antioxidants, we could reduce and protect ourselves from this damage. By providing our bodies with a constant in take of antioxidants, we are supplying our atoms with excess electrons to balance out the number of free radicals, which cause degradation to our cells. This way, we can minimize damage and this in effect, can slow down the ageing process.

Antioxidants can be found in fruits and vegetables, and also in vitamins A, C and E. By including a range of fruit and vegetables in your diet and by ensuring you get your daily dose of vitamins, you can protect yourself from free radicals.

ID-10039589Antioxidants are also included in many topical products, such as Stratum C. You can find Vitamins A & E in Stratum C Menopause Protect Cream, and the Repair Serum and Vitality Eye Serum in the range also contains Seaweed extract which provides a rich source of antioxidants. The star product in the Stratum C range for protecting against free radicals is the Stratum C Menopause Skin Calming Toner. This naturally coloured and scented product is specifically designed for this purpose and is packed with botanical extracts such as aloe vera, chamomile, sage, papaya and cucumber, whilst also containing CoQ10 enzyme, working as a strong antioxidant and promoting healthy cell growth and maintenance.

We hope that this has helped your understanding of antioxidants and how they work, helping you to make the right decision when choosing your skin care products.

For more information about Stratum C Menopause Skin Care, please visit: www.stratumc.com.

Sources:

http://www.webmd.com/heart-disease/heart-failure/tc/coenzyme-q10-topic-overview

http://www.healthchecksystems.com/antioxid.htm

http://www.hsph.harvard.edu/nutritionsource/antioxidants/

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Composition_of_the_human_body

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